Red Clover Seeds: Benefits, Uses, and How to Grow | More Articles Here is a treasure trove of knowledge for those interested in natural healing and herbal remedies. The website is run by Paul Johnston MD. A naturopathic who has not only received extensive education in the field but also has personal experience in self-healing.

Red clover seeds are a popular choice for gardeners and farmers alike. As a perennial legume, they are easy to grow and offer a range of benefits.

In this article, I will discuss the advantages of planting red clover seeds, as well as some tips for successfully growing them.

One of the main benefits of red clover seeds is their ability to fix nitrogen in the soil. This means that they can help improve soil fertility, which is especially important for farmers and gardeners looking to grow crops.

Additionally, red clover seeds are known for their ability to suppress weeds, making them a great choice for organic farming.

If you’re new to gardening or farming, don’t worry – red clover seeds are easy to grow.

They can be planted in either the spring or fall, and require minimal maintenance once established.

In fact, red clover seeds are often used as a cover crop, meaning that they are grown to protect the soil from erosion and improve soil health.

Overall, red clover seeds are a versatile and beneficial addition to any garden or farm.

Red Clover Basics

Understanding Red Clover

Red clover, also known by its scientific name Trifolium pratense, is a short-lived perennial plant that belongs to the legume family.

It is grown for a variety of purposes, including as a cover crop for soil erosion control, a green manure to improve soil fertility, and as a forage crop for livestock.

Red clover is also valued for its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, which makes it an important component of sustainable farming practices.

Benefits of Red Clover

Red clover has a number of benefits that make it a popular choice for gardeners and farmers alike.

One of the biggest benefits of red clover is its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil. This means that it can help improve soil fertility and reduce the need for synthetic fertilizers.

In addition, red clover is also an excellent source of nectar for beneficial insects such as bees and butterflies. This makes it a great choice for gardeners who are looking to attract pollinators to their gardens.

Finally, red clover is also valued for its ability to control soil erosion. Its deep roots help to hold the soil in place, which can be especially important in areas that are prone to erosion.

Planting and Growing Red Clover

Red clover is relatively easy to grow and can be planted in the spring or fall.

It prefers well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter, and it can tolerate a wide range of soil pH levels.

To plant red clover, prepare the soil by tilling it to a depth of 4-6 inches.

Then, broadcast the seeds at a rate of 8-10 pounds per acre. Cover the seeds with a light layer of soil and water them in well.

Red clover should be watered regularly to keep the soil moist, but it does not tolerate standing water or waterlogged soil.

It will also benefit from a light application of fertilizer after planting to help it get established.

Red Clover Sprouts

Red clover seeds sprout from the soil, with tiny green shoots emerging

Red clover sprouts are a nutritious and delicious addition to any meal.

Sprouting red clover seeds is easy and can be done at home.

They are a great source of vitamins and minerals, including vitamins A, C, and K, calcium, magnesium, and potassium. They also contain antioxidants and phytoestrogens that may help reduce the risk of certain diseases.

How To Sprout?

To sprout red clover seeds, start by soaking 3 tablespoons of seeds in a quart-sized mason jar filled with water for 4-6 hours or overnight.

Drain off the water and rinse the seeds with fresh water.

Place the sprouting screen insert into the lid of the jar and leave it out overnight at room temperature.

In the morning, drain through the screen insert and rinse. Angle the jar downwards in a bowl to allow the air to circulate and prevent mold from forming.

Rinse the sprouts twice a day and keep them in a cool, dark place.

Red clover sprouts have a mild, sweet flavor and can be added to salads, sandwiches, and wraps.

They are also a great topping for soups and stews. They can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week in an airtight container.

Here are some key benefits of red clover sprouts:

  • Rich in vitamins and minerals: Red clover sprouts are a good source of vitamins A, C, and K, calcium, magnesium, and potassium.
  • Antioxidant properties: Red clover sprouts contain antioxidants that can help protect against cell damage and reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
  • Phytoestrogens: Red clover sprouts contain phytoestrogens, which are plant compounds that mimic the effects of estrogen in the body. This may help reduce the risk of certain diseases, such as breast cancer and osteoporosis.
  • Easy to grow: Red clover sprouts can be easily grown at home and require minimal equipment. They are a great way to add fresh, healthy greens to your diet.

Cultivation and Growth

Red clover seeds are being carefully planted in rich, dark soil. Water droplets glisten on the leaves as the plants begin to sprout and grow

Red clover seeds are easy to cultivate and grow. In this section, I will discuss the soil requirements, planting techniques, and growth conditions for red clover seeds.

Soil Requirements

Red clover seeds grow best in well-drained soils with a pH range of 6.0 to 7.0.

The soil should be free from weeds and debris.

It is important to prepare the soil before planting by removing any rocks, weeds, or debris and tilling the soil to a depth of 4 to 6 inches.

Planting Techniques

Red clover seeds can be sown directly into the soil or started indoors and transplanted.

If sowing directly into the soil, it is important to wait until the soil has warmed up to at least 50°F.

The seeds should be sown at a depth of 1/4 inch and spaced 6 to 12 inches apart.

If starting indoors, the seeds should be sown in pots or trays and kept in a warm, sunny location until they are ready to be transplanted.

Growth Conditions

Red clover seeds prefer full sun but can tolerate some shade.

They grow best in cool-season climates with moderate temperatures between 60°F and 70°F.

Red clover seeds require consistent moisture, so it is important to water regularly and avoid letting the soil dry out.

Also, Red clover seeds can be grown as a cover crop or as a forage crop for livestock.

Red Clover Oil

A glass jar filled with red clover seeds, surrounded by red clover flowers and leaves, with a bottle of red clover oil next to it

I have found that red clover oil is an excellent natural remedy for improving skin health.

The oil is made from the purple blossoms of the red clover plant and is known for its ability to increase collagen production, which in turn improves the elasticity of the skin and reduces wrinkles.

The anti-inflammatory properties of red clover oil can also help with eczema or psoriasis.

To make red clover oil, you will need to gather fresh or dried red clover flowers and infuse them in a carrier oil such as olive oil or coconut oil.

The flowers should be covered completely in the oil and left to infuse for several weeks.

Once the oil has been infused, strain out the flowers and store the oil in a dark glass bottle.

Red clover oil can be used topically by applying a small amount to the skin and massaging it in.

It can also be added to homemade skin care products such as lotions or creams.

It’s important to note that while red clover oil has many benefits for the skin, it should not be used as a replacement for medical treatments for skin conditions.

If you have a serious skin condition, it’s best to consult with a healthcare professional before using any natural remedies.

Red Clover Salad

A bowl of red clover salad with scattered red clover seeds

I love adding Red Clover seeds to my salads. They add a delicious crunch and a slightly sweet flavor. Here’s how I make my Red Clover Salad:


  • 2 cups of mixed greens
  • 1/2 cup of Red Clover sprouts
  • 1/4 cup of chopped walnuts
  • 1/4 cup of crumbled feta cheese
  • 1/4 cup of sliced strawberries
  • 1/4 cup of sliced red onion


  • 1/4 cup of olive oil
  • 2 tablespoons of balsamic vinegar
  • 1 tablespoon of honey
  • Salt and pepper to taste


  1. In a large bowl, add the mixed greens, Red Clover sprouts, chopped walnuts, crumbled feta cheese, sliced strawberries, and sliced red onion.
  2. In a small bowl, whisk together the olive oil, balsamic vinegar, honey, salt, and pepper.
  3. Drizzle the dressing over the salad and toss to combine.
  4. Serve immediately.

This salad is perfect for a light lunch or as a side dish.

The Red Clover sprouts add a nutritional boost to the salad, as they are high in vitamins and minerals. Plus, the combination of sweet and savory flavors makes this salad a crowd-pleaser.

Maintenance and Care

Red clover seeds being carefully spread across a freshly tilled field, with a farmer walking behind, gently pressing them into the soil

As a gardener, I know that proper maintenance and care of plants is essential for their growth and survival. Red clover seeds are no exception.

In this section, I will discuss the necessary steps to ensure your red clover plants thrive.

Fertilization and Nutrition

Red clover plants require adequate nutrition to grow healthy and strong.

Fertilization is an essential part of maintaining the health of your plants.

Nitrogen is a crucial nutrient for the growth of clover plants. To ensure your plants have enough nitrogen, you can use a nitrogen-rich fertilizer.

However, be careful not to over-fertilize, as this can lead to excessive growth and poor quality of the plant.

Rhizobium bacteria are also essential for the growth of red clover plants.

These bacteria help the plants fix nitrogen from the atmosphere, making it available to the plant.

You can inoculate your seeds with rhizobium bacteria to ensure healthy growth.

Weed and Pest Management

Weeds can be detrimental to the growth of your red clover plants. They compete with the plants for nutrients and water, and can even choke out the plants if left unchecked.

The best way to manage weeds is to prevent them from growing in the first place.

You can do this by keeping the area around your plants clean and free of debris.

Pests and diseases can also be a problem for red clover plants. Aphids, mites, and leafhoppers are common pests that can damage the plants.

Diseases like powdery mildew and root rot can also affect the plants.

To manage pests and diseases, you can use organic methods like neem oil or insecticidal soap.

Be sure to follow the instructions carefully to avoid damaging the plants.

Crimson Clover Medicinal Uses

Crimson clover seeds being harvested for medicinal use

As a herbalist, I have found crimson clover (Trifolium incarnatum) to be a valuable medicinal plant.

The flowers of crimson clover have been traditionally used to support waste elimination and hormonal health. They contain isoflavones, which have estrogen-like effects in the body and may help alleviate menopausal symptoms such as hot flashes and night sweats.

Crimson clover has also been used to improve cardiovascular health. It contains compounds that may help reduce blood pressure and cholesterol levels. However, more research is needed to confirm these effects.

In addition, crimson clover has been used as a natural remedy for skin conditions such as eczema and psoriasis.

Its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties may help soothe irritated skin and promote healing. It can be applied topically in the form of a salve or cream.

Medium Red Clover Seed

A scattering of medium red clover seeds lies on dark soil

Medium Red Clover Seed is a cool season perennial that is commonly used as a cover crop and forage crop.

It is a hardy plant that can grow in a variety of soils and climates.

The plant is known for its ability to fix nitrogen in the soil, which makes it an excellent choice for farmers and gardeners who want to improve soil fertility.

Medium Red Clover Seed is a versatile plant that can be used in a variety of ways.

It is commonly used as a cover crop to protect the soil from erosion, to suppress weeds, and to improve soil fertility.

The plant is also used as a forage crop for livestock, as it is high in protein and other nutrients.

When planting Medium Red Clover Seed, it is important to prepare the soil properly.

The soil should be well-drained and free of weeds.

The seed should be planted at a depth of 1/4 to 1/2 inch, and the soil should be kept moist until the seedlings emerge.

Medium Red Clover Seed is a short-lived perennial, with a lifespan of 3 to 5 years in the north and as a winter annual in the south.

It is important to note that the plant can be toxic to horses if consumed in large quantities. Therefore, it is important to consult with a veterinarian before feeding Medium Red Clover Seed to horses.

Utilization and Harvesting

A farmer gathers ripe red clover seeds in a field. Baskets overflow with the harvested seeds. Machinery processes the seeds for utilization

Harvesting Red Clover

Harvesting Red Clover seeds is a simple process that can be done by cutting the stems of the plant just below the flower heads.

After cutting the stems, the seeds can be collected by shaking the stems over a bucket or container. The seeds will fall to the bottom of the container, and you can then pour them out and dry them thoroughly.

It is important to note that Red Clover seeds should be harvested when they are dry, as harvesting them when they are wet can lead to mold growth.

When it comes to yield, Red Clover seeds can produce up to 200-300 pounds per acre.

However, this can vary depending on the location, soil type, and weather conditions.

It is recommended to harvest Red Clover seeds during the second or third harvest when summer conditions are usually more conducive to seed production.

Weed management is also important during the harvest, as broadleaf weed seeds are difficult to clean from Red Clover seed.

Uses of Red Clover

Red Clover seeds have many uses, including as a forage crop, cover crop, and sprouts.

As a forage crop, Red Clover is often cut twice a year when it is at 50% bloom or greater. With this harvest system, farmers end up cutting too late to obtain maximum forage quality.

Red Clover is also commonly used as a cover crop, as it can help improve soil health by fixing nitrogen and suppressing weeds.

Red Clover sprouts are also becoming increasingly popular due to their nutritional benefits.

They are high in antioxidants, vitamins, and minerals, and are a good source of protein.

Red Clover sprouts can be added to salads, sandwiches, and smoothies, or used as a garnish.

Clover Tea

Red clover seeds steep in a teapot of hot water, creating a fragrant and soothing clover tea

I personally enjoy drinking red clover tea, which is made from the dried flowers of the red clover plant.

It has a sweet and mild taste, and is often used as a natural remedy for various health issues.

One of the benefits of drinking red clover tea is that it may help alleviate symptoms of menopause, such as hot flashes and night sweats.

According to Healthline, drinking red clover tea may help reduce the frequency and intensity of hot flashes in menopausal women.

In addition, red clover tea may also have anti-inflammatory properties.

A study published in the Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine found that red clover tea helped reduce inflammation in the body, which may be beneficial for those with inflammatory conditions such as arthritis.

To make red clover tea, simply add 4 grams of dried flower tops (or red clover tea bags) to 1 cup (250 mL) of boiling water and steep for 5-10 minutes.

You can also add honey or lemon to taste. However, it is important to note that red clover may interact with certain medications, so it is best to consult with a healthcare professional before consuming red clover tea regularly.

Red Clover Microgreens

Red clover microgreens sprouting from seeds in a small tray

Red clover microgreens are a great addition to any salad or sandwich.

These microgreens are packed with nutrients, including vitamins B1, B2, C, and E, as well as minerals such as zinc, magnesium, calcium, and iron. They are also a good source of protein and fiber.

To grow red clover microgreens, start by soaking the seeds in water for 8-12 hours.

Then, spread the seeds evenly on a tray or container filled with soil. Mist the seeds with water and cover the container with a lid or plastic wrap.

Place the container in indirect light and maintain moisture by misting the seeds with water daily.

In about 8-12 days, the red clover microgreens will be fully developed and ready to harvest.

To harvest, simply cut the microgreens with scissors just above the soil line. Rinse the microgreens with water and pat them dry with a paper towel before using them in your favorite dish.

Red Clover Varieties

Red clover seeds scattered across a field of vibrant green clover plants

As a forage crop, red clover is one of the most important species of clover. Within the red clover family, there are several different varieties, each with its own unique characteristics and benefits.

Medium Red Clover

One of the most popular varieties of red clover is Medium Red Clover.

This variety is commonly used for wildlife food plots, cattle forage, and cover crop applications.

Medium Red Clover is a cool season perennial clover that produces high levels of nitrogen. It is a short-lived perennial that can fix as much as 120 units of nitrogen per acre. It is also known for its weed suppression qualities.

Comparing Clover Species

When comparing clover species, it is important to consider the specific needs of your garden or pasture.

For example, if you are looking for a clover that can handle low soil pH, consider using Mammoth Red Clover.

This variety is known for its ability to grow in more acidic soil than other clovers. It is also a tall, quick-growing clover that can be sown in spring, summer, or fall.

Another important factor to consider is the intended use for the clover.

If you are planting a cover crop, you may want to consider using a variety like Medium Red Clover that is known for its nitrogen-fixing abilities.

On the other hand, if you are planting a forage crop, you may want to consider using a variety like White Clover, which is known for its high protein content.

In addition to these factors, it is also important to consider the climate and growing conditions in your area.

Some clover varieties, like Crimson Clover, are better suited to warmer climates, while others, like Ladino Clover, can handle colder temperatures.

Red Clover Infusion

A glass jar filled with red clover seeds, surrounded by fresh red clover leaves and flowers

As an herbal infusion, red clover is a great way to take advantage of its many health benefits. To make a red clover infusion, you will need to follow a few simple steps:

  1. Weigh out an ounce of red clover blossoms.
  2. Put it in a quart jar.
  3. Fill the jar with boiling water.
  4. Cover and steep at least two hours, although you can also let it steep overnight.

Once the infusion is ready, strain out the blossoms and drink the liquid.

You can add honey or lemon to taste, although the infusion has a naturally sweet flavor.

Red clover infusion is a great source of phytoestrogens, which can help balance hormone levels and relieve symptoms of menopause.

It also has anti-inflammatory properties, making it useful for treating skin conditions like eczema and psoriasis.

Additionally, red clover infusion can help improve cardiovascular health by lowering cholesterol levels.

Red Clover Honey

A jar of red clover honey sits next to scattered red clover seeds

As a beekeeper, I have found that red clover is an excellent source of nectar for bees. The flowers of the red clover plant produce a sweet, mild-flavored honey that is highly prized by honey enthusiasts.

Red clover honey has a light amber color and a delicate flavor that is slightly floral. It is not as sweet as some other types of honey, but it has a pleasant taste that many people enjoy.

One of the benefits of red clover honey is that it is high in antioxidants. Antioxidants are important for maintaining good health because they help to protect the body from damage caused by free radicals.

Red clover honey also has antibacterial properties, which can help to fight infections and boost the immune system. It has been used for centuries as a natural remedy for coughs, colds, and other respiratory ailments.

Purchasing and Storage

A hand pouring red clover seeds from a bag into a labeled storage container

When it comes to purchasing and storing red clover seeds, there are a few things to keep in mind to ensure that you get the best quality seeds and that they remain viable for as long as possible.

In this section, I will provide you with some tips on selecting quality seeds and storing them properly.

Selecting Quality Seeds

When purchasing red clover seeds, it is important to choose a reputable supplier that offers high-quality products.

Look for suppliers that provide a detailed product description, including the seed variety, germination rate, and any other relevant information.

Additionally, pay attention to the weight of the seeds.

Red clover seeds are typically sold in pounds (lb), so make sure that you are getting the amount you need for your project.

It is also a good idea to purchase some extra seeds in case some fail to germinate.

Storage and Shelf Life

Proper storage is essential for maintaining the viability of red clover seeds.

Store the seeds in a cool, dry place, away from direct sunlight and moisture. A temperature range of 40-50°F (4-10°C) is ideal for storing red clover seeds.

It is also important to store the seeds in an airtight container, such as a sealed plastic bag or glass jar with a tight-fitting lid.

This will help prevent moisture and air from getting in and potentially damaging the seeds.

When stored properly, red clover seeds can remain viable for up to three years. However, it is a good idea to check the germination rate of the seeds before planting them to ensure that they are still viable.

To do this, simply place a small sample of seeds on a damp paper towel and keep them in a warm, dark place for a few days. If most of the seeds sprout, then they are still viable and can be planted.

Red Clover Seeds: A Herbalist’s Perspective

Today, we’re going to sprout into a topic that’s as vibrant as the red clover in our gardens – Red Clover Seeds.

Now, you might be wondering, what’s so special about Red Clover Seeds? Well, it’s simple. Red Clover is a nitrogen-fixing plant that enriches the soil and provides a valuable source of nectar for bees.

But here’s the fun part – growing Red Clover doesn’t just benefit your garden. It also benefits the environment. By choosing to grow Red Clover, you’re supporting sustainable practices that help our planet thrive.

Now, let’s connect this back to our home page, Our website is all about celebrating the magic of herbs and exploring the wonderful world of herbalism. And guess what? By understanding the benefits of Red Clover, you’re contributing to this world in your own unique way.

So, next time you’re tending to your garden, remember to plant some Red Clover Seeds. Not just for their vibrant beauty, but also for their benefits to the environment. After all, a happy planet is a planet where all life forms live in harmony.

References – Red Clover Seeds

Little Herb Encyclopedia, by Jack Ritchason; N.D., Woodland Publishing Incorporated, 1995
The Ultimate Healing System, Course Manual, Copyright 1985, Don Lepore
Planetary Herbology, Michael Tierra, C.A., N.D., Lotus Press, 1988
Handbook of Medicinal Herbs, by James A. Duke, Pub. CRP Second Edition 2007
The Complete Medicinal Herbal, by Penelope Ody, Published by Dorling Kindersley

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Frequently Asked Questions – Red Clover Seeds

How do you plant red clover seeds for optimal growth?

To plant red clover seeds for optimal growth, you should choose a well-drained soil with a pH between 6 and 7.5.

Red clover performs best in soils that are fertile and have good organic matter content.

If your soil is lacking in nutrients or organic matter, consider adding compost or a balanced fertilizer before planting.

You will need to sow around 20-30 pounds of red clover seed per acre.

To plant, scatter the seeds over the soil and then rake them in lightly. Keep the soil moist until the seeds germinate, which should occur in 5-10 days.

What are the benefits of planting red clover?

Planting red clover has many benefits.

Red clover is a nitrogen-fixing plant, which means it can take nitrogen from the air and convert it into a form that plants can use.

This makes red clover an excellent cover crop for improving soil health and fertility.

Red clover also attracts beneficial pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

It can be used as a forage crop for livestock, and its flowers can be harvested for medicinal purposes.

How much red clover seed is needed per acre?

For each acre, you will need to sow around 20-30 pounds of red clover seed.

It is important to choose a well-drained soil with a pH between 6 and 7.5. Red clover performs best in soils that are fertile and have good organic matter content.

If your soil is lacking in nutrients or organic matter, consider adding compost or a balanced fertilizer before planting.

What is the best time of year to sow red clover seeds?

The best time of year to sow red clover seeds depends on your location.

In cooler climates, it is advisable to plant red clover seeds in early spring to provide ample time for growth before the heat of summer.

In warmer climates, red clover can be planted in the fall or winter.

Can red clover be used as a cover crop, and what are its advantages?

Yes, red clover can be used as a cover crop.

As a nitrogen-fixing plant, it can improve soil health and fertility by adding nitrogen to the soil.

Red clover also attracts beneficial pollinators such as bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds.

It can be used as a forage crop for livestock, and its flowers can be harvested for medicinal purposes.

Is red clover a perennial plant, and will it reseed itself?

Yes, red clover is a perennial plant. It will reseed itself.

It is important to note that red clover can be invasive in some areas, so it is important to manage it carefully.

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